Hair Loss and Baldness Treatment
Medications can reduce or slow hair loss, and even regrow lost hair. Some example medications are minoxidil and finasteride. These have both been approved by the FDA for treating baldness. Other ways to deal with baldness include hair transplants, hair multiplication and laser therapy. There are also other potential treatments that research suggests work, such as ketoconazole and caffeine.
MinoxidilMinoxidil is an FDA-approved drug which stimulates hair growth and reverses baldness. It is effective in the majority of people who use it. Minoxidil is sold under the brand names Rogaine, Regaine, Loniten, Avacor, Mintop and others. You can buy these without a prescription.
You usually apply minoxidil morning and night, through drops on the scalp which you rub in. It can also be taken orally. Hair regrowth can then show up within months.
FinasterideFinasteride is another drug approved by the FDA for reversing baldness. It is sold under the brand names Propecia and Proscar and others. Finasteride stops baldness in 90% of the people who use it, by taking one tablet each day. In two thirds of the people who take finasteride, their hair grows back, usually within months.
Hair TransplantHair transplantation is a very effective way to cure male pattern baldness. This is where small grafts of hair producing follicles are taken from one area of the scalp and implanted in the bald areas.
When hair transplants first became popular in the 1950s, they used large plugs of hair. However, now very small plugs of skin of only one to five hairs are used. This makes it look more natural, so that you often cannot tell the person has had a hair transplant.
Hair Multiplication or Hair CloningHair multiplication or hair cloning involves using the stem cells from hair follicles. This way many hairs can be cloned or multiplied from the cells and then be reimplanted back into bald areas of the scalp.
Laser TherapyLow level laser therapy is another treatment to stimulate hair growth. This was first discovered in 1967 when experiments showed that lasers could regrow hair on mice more quickly.
You can buy laser combs or brushes to treat your hair loss at home, or have the laser treatment performed for you at a clinic. Hair laser brushes are sold under brand names such as Hairmax, who claims their lasercomb is over 93% effective. Often hair laser combs like these provide money back guarantees.
KetoconazoleStudies have found that ketoconazole shampoo may also help cure baldness. Ketoconazole is anti-fungal and anti-inflammatory. Since inflammation can cause hair loss, ketoconazole's effects of decreasing inflammation could be the reason why it has shown to decrease hair loss in studies. Ketoconazole shampoo is sold under brand names such as Nizoral.
CaffeineSome research has also suggested that caffeine can help in curing baldness. Caffeine helps stimulate hair growth and helps follicles which have stopped growing because of hormones. Caffeine could be added to shampoo in the future, with further research. There is also a spray made of coffee beans to apply caffeine to the scalp.
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